Water Softener

What Is a Water Softener and How Does It Work?

  • Post author:
  • Post category:Business
  • Reading time:5 mins read

A water softener removes the minerals that cause water hardness, which is one of the most common water quality issues. Hard water ruins appliances, causes soap scum to build up in bathrooms and kitchens and dries up hair and skin. Water softeners are essential in the United States, where over 85 per cent of people use hard water for cooking, cleaning, and bathing. A water softener saves you time and money by preventing prematurely broken water heaters, scaly faucet heads, and hours of soapy residue cleanup. A water softener will save you time, energy, and money while also protecting your home and property.

What is the purpose of a water softener?

A water softener is a whole-house filtering system that uses an ion exchange mechanism to remove hardness-causing calcium and magnesium minerals from your water. A water softener solves one of the most common and dangerous water issues: hard water. The modern home is wreaked by hard water. Scale deposits itself in your pipes, blocking them and lowering your water pressure. Dishwashers, coffee makers, and ice machines all have a much shorter lifespan due to scale. Hot water appliances are ruined by hard water. Calcium and magnesium will solidify and harden into solid deposits inside your hot water heater as the temperature of the water rises. If you reside in a hard water area, your water heater may sound like it’s popping popcorn. This is due to the fact that scale has built up on the heating element. The calcified rock deposits crusted on the heating elements start splitting and expanding as the temperature of the heater rises and the tank expands. The popcorn popping sound is caused by hard water-induced scaling.

 

If you don’t have a water softener, you’ll need to use more detergent to keep your clothes from becoming dingy. Dishes will be smeared and discoloured as they come out of the dishwasher. Your shower curtains are covered with filmy scum, and your soap and shampoo are unable to lather. When you bathe in hard water, your skin becomes irritated and dry, and your hair becomes lifeless and sticky. It’s mind-boggling how much time, energy, and money it takes to clean up the harmful impacts of hard water. The solution to the problem of water hardness is a whole-house water softening.

 

What is the process of using a water softener?

Ion exchange is the method by which water softeners remove calcium and magnesium from the water. Hard water travels through a bed of spherical resin beads as it enters the mineral tank. These sodium-ion-charged plastic beads are typically constructed of polystyrene. The resin beads carry a negative charge, making them anions. Calcium and magnesium are cations because they have a positive charge. The negative charge of the minerals is attracted to the positive charge of the resin beads because opposing charges attract. The beads take hold of the mineral ions and remove them from the water as the hard water travels through the resin. The sodium ion is released when the bead seizes the mineral ion. As the water travels through the mineral tank, the resin column removes all of the hardness, and softened water flows out into your home.

 

| Find out more about the negative impacts of hard water.

 

What exactly are the parts of a water softener?

A control valve, a mineral tank, and a brine tank are the three parts of a water softener. These three work together to remove minerals from hard water, monitor water flow, and clean the system through a regeneration process on a regular basis.

 

The mineral tank is number one.

The softening of hard water takes place in the mineral tank. The hard water is fed into the tank via the water supply line. Water penetrates through the resin beads, depositing calcium and magnesium ions that harden the water. The water runs softly out of the tank, through your pipes, and into your appliances.

 

The control valve is number two.

The control valve determines how much water flows through the mineral tank and into your home. A metre is housed in the valve, which keeps track of the amount of water that enters the mineral tank. The resin beads exchange sodium ions for hardness ions as hard water runs through the mineral tank. As a result, the resin’s power to soften water efficiently depletes with time. The control valve automatically commences a regeneration cycle when the beads become too clogged with mineral content to continue extracting calcium and magnesium ions. This maximum capacity is pre-programmed into the onboard computer of the control valve and is determined by a variety of criteria, including the size of your home, the number of people, and the hardness of your water. Control valves are demand-driven controllers that help water softening systems run more efficiently.

 

3. The brine storage tank

The brine tank contributes in the regeneration of the water softening system. It’s a smaller tank located next to the mineral tank. To restore the resin beads’ positive charge, the brine tank stores a highly concentrated solution of salt (or sometimes potassium). Salt in the shape of pellets or blocks is manually added to the brine tank. These disintegrate in the tank’s bottom water. The heavy brine solution is taken out of the tank and flushed through the resin in the mineral tank when the control valve detects that the resin’s softening capacity is reducing. The water running through the machine will no longer be softened if the brine tank runs out of salt.